The History of Art in Europe

The History of Art in Europe


If you would like to delve into the history of art, looking at the art of the world in general is of course a fascinating study. You might choose to pick a specific region, and follow the time-line of art in that region. Europe of course is one area where there is much to see and appreciate with respect to its art. Among the earliest works of European art known are those found in cave paintings in France and several other countries, artwork that goes far back into prehistoric times. There have been art treasures discovered that date back to what we call ancient times, from around 4,000 BC on, in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and the New World.
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Painted Art: Famous Artists from the 1800s

Painted Art: Famous Artists from the 1800s


The period of the 1800s produced some of the greatest painted works in history by famous artists that we still revere today. Regardless of whether one is an art aficionado or not, most of us can appreciate the beauty, boldness, or sheer emotionalism captured within a fine painting. In the 1800s, there were plenty of budding artists, some of whom didn’t have the benefit of receiving praise or fame for their work until they had died. Some of these artists’ works continue to stand out as original, unmatched pieces with a vision unique to their crafters. The following sections touch on four famous artists from the 1800s: Camille Pissarro, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Vincent van Gogh.
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Several Reasons for Having Tattoos

Tattoos, body piercing and several other forms of body modification are currently a fad nowadays. But not too long ago, such forms of art are generally shunned upon by society, equating body piercings to tribes and cults, and tattoos to hoodlums, criminals, and other lowlifes that are up to no good. But in lieu of today’s seemingly liberally leaning society, almost everyone now accepts, once unspeakable things, to be brought out into the mainstream. Chest tattoos for men that is once the exclusive enclave of bikers and side tattoos for girls that were generally reserved for manual workers and prostitutes are now sported on by many people.

Is it good, like almost every one say’s it is today, or is it really bad, like our forebears thought it was? I don’t really know the correct answer to that, and I also am not in any position of authority to stamp a definitive answer, but I do have an opinion on the matter. So why do some people have tattoos on their bodies? Here are several of my thoughts regarding the matter.


Probably the most common reason people say to justify having tattoos. Self-expression is defined as the assertion or deliberate showing of a man’s own personality in any kind of medium, such as in speech, idea, feelings, and in our case tattoos. Sometimes you ask people with tattoos on why they decide to have one in the first place, and oftentimes they can’t answer it directly, having particularly no reason at all for doing it. Sometimes we are shy, don’t know how to explain things, or can’t really express ourselves the conventional way, and we do it in other ways, those other ways are the classic things that makes self-expressions.


Some religions, particularly older ones, practice tattooing in line with their performed rituals and religious convictions. Although many religions like Christianity, Judaism, and Islam particularly forbid their followers from having tattoos, several branches of such religions, like the Catholic Croats in Bosnia, who tattoo their children in the belief that tattoos will ward off evil spirits, still use them.

Loved One

Tattoos, being permanent and lasting in nature, is oftentimes used as a remembrance of someone important in your life. Be it someone who is already departed or someone who is presently the love of your life, tattoos are used to somehow give weight or credence to the importance of the person to the wearer. You also put your loved ones, as tattoos, on your body so that they will forever be with you and be constantly reminded of them just by looking at your body.

Drunk, Peer Pressure, For the Heck of It

In other words, you had the tattoo by mistake. Sometimes you were too drunk to notice, or fiercely ogled into doing it, also maybe you were just very curious about what it is that they were talking about, and decided to have one for yourself. Sometimes you were just forced into it by your environment, like in street gangs or in jail, and generally had no say in it.

Good thing there is still a way to remove it, but it will likely be painful and extremely expensive to do it. So if you are really bent on having a tattoo of your own, and for whatever your reason is, think hard and long before you dive into the colorful world of tattoos.

The Healing Process of a Tattoo

So you got your tattoo that you’ve been dreaming about for a long time. You must be really happy, now that you have endured the pain and chosen the right image, I know you know that it would be permanent and would last indefinitely, right? So what now? What else is there to do? Show it off? Or get another one, you might say, but before that, you have to let your present one heal a bit. So how does one go about healing a tattoo?

First off, a few hours after you had your tattoo, remove the wrap around it to enable it to breathe. Wash it over with an antibacterial soap to minimize your risk of infection. After washing, completely dry the area carefully and thinly apply an ointment, preferably antibiotic in nature, over the tattoo. Continue this process for about four days and also try to do it twice a day, one in the morning and another one before you go to sleep. Using Vaseline or petroleum jelly on a fresh tattoo is not recommended, as they tend to pull out color from the tattoo and is very thick, smothering the tattoo that actually needs air to heal.

Around the fourth day, the tattoo will begin to peel. Layers of skin within the tattoo will slightly harden and eventually break up, like what happens on sunburns, which is an indication of the changing of new skin meaning that it is healing properly. You should drop your antibiotic ointment in favor of the application of an unscented lotion to the tattoo, and keep it up until about two weeks. Always remember to keep your tattoo moisturized to prevent the further drying and breaking up of the area which was tattooed. Your tattoo will heal eventually about around three weeks.

Tattoo scabbing is normal. Patches of skin in and around your tattoo will sometimes swell a little bit and form scar like protuberance. It is important not to forcefully remove these scabs early as it may cause the disfigurement of your tattoo and may even result in a skin tear. Remember to keep an eye on the scab not harboring infection, signs of which are being tender to the touch, redness in the area and extending out of the tattoo and when pus eventually oozes out of the tattoo. An appointment with a doctor is recommended during these episodes for better treatment. The tattoo scab, in time, will eventually peels off on its own.

Other important matters to keep in mind while your tattoo heals, is not soaking it in water for long periods of time, as it will unnecessarily expose your fresh tattoo to all kinds of bacteria, thereby increasing your chances for infection. Also keep your tattoo off of the sun, as it will be a big problem if you unintentionally did get your tattoo sunburned. Avoiding of tight clothing that will rub against the tattoo is also discouraged.

After carefully accomplishing all of these, you can now proceed on doing what you plan to do next, either showing it off or eventually getting another one, is up to you. I commend your bravery and adventurous nature in getting your tattoo. Same with other things, your mind must be fully set and have thought about it fully, before you go ahead and did it. As for me, well, let’s just say I am just at the dreaming part of getting a tattoo. Who knows, I might just wake up and get one myself.

Is it Asthma?

I have been recently searching on the internet, regarding the topic of home remedies for asthma, as my little son have been showing signs of having the disease. Although he doesn’t have asthma yet, pending a confirmation from our doctor’s visit sometime this week, but still, he is exhibiting several symptoms of it, like wheezing in his breath, a persistent cough and he also does get tired easily. I really don’t know how to feel about it, because I do not ever want him to get asthma, but at the same time, it’s better for him to get asthma than something much more sinister as his symptoms indicates.

I might be acting a little bit paranoid with these turn of events, but who wouldn’t be, if it is their child who is the one suffering from an unknown illness, it’s a little bit disconcerting to say the least. I hope it’s just a cold or something in the weather that made him act like this. But to be sure, I’m doing what I can, to at least make him as comfortable as possible and also help him with the food that he eats. That is, until we get to consult our doctor, and by then, we will surely know what his illness is, and also what needs to be done for him to get healthy again.

On the internet, asthma symptoms was enumerated as having shortness of breath with corresponding wheezing episodes, tightening of the chest, and uncontrollable coughing that feels as though there is fluid in lungs. It is also said that asthma really has no known source, only that it is probably inherited, and that genetic interactions has something to do with it.

Getting back to my research, I have found out that several food items, and stuff around the kitchen performs well against asthma. Things like coffee or other caffeinated beverages, works well with asthma, by helping open the airways of an asthma sufferer, but I think I’m going pass on that as the patient is still a child. Other examples were the omega fatty acids from fishes, vitamin C, Primrose Oil, onions and even chili peppers have varying curative effects on asthma.

Now the hard part is trying to include these things on his diet, and of making him eat it eventually. I think it will be a little hard, as you very well know the typical diet of a young kid is mainly composed of only two kinds of food, namely fast food and junk food. But I will eventually find a way, I think by either talking with him and explaining things, or maybe sneaking it in with his food.

Maybe I will just keep him in the house until our doctor’s appointment, as the weather outside seems a little bit out of sync, and I too am feeling kind of weird these days. That’s it; maybe the weather has something to do with it. But I really wouldn’t get my hopes up yet, not until a visit to the doctor has been finished.

Dog Paintings

My recent projects are that of dog paintings. I don’t know what drove me to do them, or even if I will eventually sell any of them, but I’m having fun making such portraits. One of my first paintings of a dog is that of our family pet, a Yorkie Poodle named Duke. It was kind of challenging painting him mainly because he moves so much, and can’t stay in the same place for a long time. Yorkie Poodles are one branch of the poodle family which is particularly known for their high energy and silliness among all the poodle mixes. Some say they are little clowns disguised as dogs, so you know the hard time I went through painting him.

Although the paintings that we always see are of peoples and places, animals are also a favorite subject of artists. Painting animals are sort of like a primer to painting people, and they are somewhat regarded as a sort of a training ground for aspiring masters.  Animals, particularly dogs, are very hard to paint, like people, because of one thing, their eyes. The eyes give life to any portrait, and precisely capturing what the eyes really look like, eventually gives the painting a soul.

There are many paintings worldwide that uses the dog as its subject. Some are old and some paintings are relatively new, and I would like to share with you several of them that are influences in the way I make animal art.

Laying Down the Law (1840)

Also knows as “Trial by Jury”, “Laying Down the Law” was an oil-on-canvas painting made by Sir Edwin Landseer back in 1840.The painting was used to satirize the legal profession of that time by using different breeds of dogs, for the composition of the audience, and a French Poodle, in the center, as the judge.

A Distinguished Member of the Humane Society (1831)

An oil-on-canvas painting made also by Sir Edwin Landseer, it depicts a dog named Bob, who was found in a shipwreck on the England coast. Bob, who since relocated near a London harbor side, began a fourteen year career of saving drowning people, was eventually honored as a celebrated member of the Royal Humane Society.

Dogs Playing Poker (1903)

Who would ever forget these series of paintings made by C. M. Coolidge for the then cigar company of Brown & Bigelow back in 1903? In this series of 16 paintings, dogs were put in place of people doing everything from smoking cigars, playing cards and also consoling a sick friend.

Madame Renoir with a Dog (1880)

Made by the renowned painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir, the painting depicts his wife carrying a bouquet of flowers on a boating party, accompanied by two little dogs.  The beautifully done Impressionist art was painted on 1880.

I can go on and on with many more exquisite paintings that showcases dogs. Some very well-known ones, from popular painters, are always showcased in exhibits, but most are relegated to the backroom of art history. In art, nothing is ugly or less beautiful; it’s just not their time to shine yet.


Teaching as Passion

The fun thing about teaching again in school, although only on a limited basis, is that you get to live your passion. Art, and everything about it, has been a large part of my life, and I am very fortunate to teach about it. Imagine fulfilling one of your dreams while getting paid doing it, is lucky, to say the least. Although the salary is only a pittance, seeing some of the kids getting interested in it is truly, payment enough for me.

Having the exercise that comes along with teaching is also a good bonus. Nobody really is getting any younger, and any chance for some kind of exercise would be a welcome respite. Imagine having to wake up early during school days, preparing yourself and your lessons that you will be teaching for the day, the walking in between classes and also of gallivanting around campus, really livens up our body’s already sleeping veins. I kind of miss these types of hectic schedules, and teaching affords me the busyness and activities that my body longs for.

What I do not like about it, is the traffic to and from campus. The school is quite a ways away, and I am surely going to pass several busy intersections and traffic bottlenecks on my commute. These things reminded me the reason, of why I did not pursue a job in the corporate world in the first place. Truly everything good in this world entails some form of sacrifice, and to fulfill my dreams of teaching, I guess traffic would be mine.

Another thing I’m not crazy about from working again is the adverse effect it has on my joints, especially my hips. You see, back when I was just a small kid, I kind of fell from a tree and suffered from a torn labrum hip, and had to be hospitalized for a week because of it. I was not operated on, thankfully, as my doctor was a personable one, and suggested other forms of treatment, that didn’t need for me to be operated on and also doesn’t cost much. But it entailed a much longer rehabilitation period and also necessitated on me wearing a kind of elastic band on my legs and hips for support. And although my past injuries are already fully cured, walking in volumes sometimes produces soreness in my hips. I don’t know if it is related to my past injuries or a new one altogether, but sometimes the pain becomes hard to ignore. I have already read about hip flexor pain and how it’s acquired and such, but I think it’s not it. Maybe it’s just my old bones trying to tell me to slow down a bit. And nothing my friendly neighborhood chiropractor can’t fix.

I know I sometimes contradict myself in terms of seeing how one thing is both good and bad. But teaching art is really a passion of mine and is really worth sacrificing for. One has to consciously leave a legacy in this world, if only to say that he really has been here. I will surely continue what I love doing, old bones and all.


Typical Excited Pregnant Woman

Funny thing, my sister came the other day to get her already finished pregnancy card announcements, made beautifully by me of course, now she wants to know exactly when they made the baby. How on earth would I know that, I told her? I fully understand her excitement, being this is going to be her first baby, but I think I’m no fortune teller to precisely tell her the things she wanted to know. I told her I think I have something that we could use for this kind of occasion, but I’m going to need to do research on it before I show it to her.

I remember talking to a doctor friend of mine, an obstetrician, during a recent art event in the school I was teaching short art courses at. We were talking about the same thing that my sister asked me about. My doctor friend narrated to me about his patient who also asked him of when her baby became such, as she could not recall having had intercourse lately, add to the fact that her husband is away on work regularly, so she was truly at a loss about it. He pointed the soon to be mom to a website which had an implantation calculator on it, and told her to input what was asked as best as she could, and a rough date on when the baby was first implanted would then be shown.

I called my sister immediately, and told her about it and of where she could find it in the internet. She thanked me and said goodbye like there was nothing to it, so I just put it like maybe she was just having a mood swing of sorts because of her pregnancy and such. But before I can get out of the house to get some grocery, and to my typical amazement, the phone rang again, with my sister on the other end. She said she had visited the website and already had an idea of the date she was talking about. And before I could say “good for you” to her, she was already asking another question.

She said that she was feeling weird lately and wants to know if it was part of getting pregnant. I thought to myself that this time I could answer her immediately, as I already have experienced such things with my wife. So I asked her about what she wanted to know? She told me that she was feeling nauseous and sleepy all the time, and that sometimes she feels that she wants to always eat something particular.

I told her that what she was experiencing, were normal signs of implantation, and that she was really pregnant. And besides of what she was feeling right now, I told her to expect several more symptoms of being pregnant, namely cramping of her extremities, breast changes, fatigue and vomiting. I kept on talking on the phone but she was being silent on the other end, I waited patiently for her to talk, and eventually she did after about five minutes. She said she went to the bathroom because she can’t hold it anymore, and would like me to repeat all that I’ve said a while ago. I rest my case.


Upcoming Pregnancy of my Sister

My sister paid me a visit yesterday to bring good news. Although she lives just a couple of miles from us, she said that she wanted to talk to me personally about something. That kept me thinking a little, as to what was it the she was about to tell me, that speaking on the phone will not suffice? But since she said it was good news, I calmed down a little. I got my answer shortly as she announced that she was pregnant!

That’s very good news, I said. It truly was, as she and her husband has been trying for years to get a baby. They both got themselves constantly checked by several doctors, but there was really nothing wrong with them, and yet, still no baby to speak of. They were beginning to give up hope and are already talking about just adopting, that is until now.

I almost fell to the floor when my sister hugged me, good thing I was near a wall, which thankfully saved my fall. She said that the doctor told her it was almost a miracle that she conceived, and also must take all precautions during her pregnancy and avoid unnecessary risks. I told her jumping into me was one of those risks, which was met with the ruffling of my hair and the word “no silly it isn’t”. My sister and I are very close with each other, and I am very much thankful for this blessing that was given to her.

She then said that she also needed something done in line with her upcoming pregnancy, and asked me if I was familiar with pregnancy announcement ideas. I answered in the affirmative, then she just exploded with words about what she wanted done and different sort of ideas that was running through her head. Oh my, I thought to myself, there she goes again. But who can blame her? This was really a momentous event for her and her demeanor really shows it. I also rather prefer her being this way, than the way she usually was when she was having her monthly period. She really hates having her monthly period, as it means that she was not getting pregnant yet, and boy, you really know what crankiness means, when you see her during those moments, good thing there are no longer any more period while pregnant.

After finishing her monologue, I suggested to her several ideas for art installations that she can use for her announcement. Being the resident artist, and happy about the turn of events, I offered my services to do whatever it was that she chooses.

She settled for a card which had the mother and child scene painted on the front, with several handwritten quotes inside, which was also a very fine choice. I told her that, that was really what I had in mind since the beginning, and was amazed that it was also what she liked. We really do seem to have the same tastes in art. I am very happy for her.


How To Get Rid Of Bruises

Although I was fairly active as a young man, most of my adult life resulted in a laid back, somewhat creative lifestyle. I never really got into any scrapes with the neighborhood kids like many of my friends and that was just the way I liked it. As an adult, nothing has changed except for the fact that I now live in Los Angeles, which is a change of pace from the farm I grew up on. I consider myself as retired, although I still manage to stay in touch with my love for art.

Because of the fact that a black eye or broken nose were simply not in my vocabulary, when I came across some unexplained bruising it concerned me enough to try to figure out how to get rid of it. I did not have any insurance for doctor visits, so I decided to ask around and see if any of my friends could suggest something for me to use and of course, some of the answers I received were interesting to say the least.

The first person I talked to was my neighbor from across the hall and her answer surprised me, “do you have any butter?” Apparently, this was an option used to treat minor instances of burns and bruises for some time now and although I did have some butter in my refrigerator, I was not sure if this decade old remedy was something I wanted to try, not to mention the fact that I could probably put that butter to better use.

The next suggestion to try Castor Oil was a little disturbing to me, but I listened carefully as one of my Thursday night poker buddies explained the benefits of using this product. If applied liberally on the bruise, the castor oil had certain healing qualities that would initiate a prompt response, I was also advised that this oil could reduce the chance of peeling in the area, which was interesting to note, especially since I never expected that to be a problem in the first place.

Considering the fact that I don’t usually keep vinegar in my apartment, I didn’t think much of my sister’s suggestion to mix it with some water and apply the mixture to the affected area. She informed me that this combination was supposed to increase the blood flow to the bruise and promote healing. I guess if it is as good as my sister said it would be, I could always make a trip to the supermarket, then again what else would I use it for?

Then I remembered hearing a conversation between my mother and her best friend about using comfrey tea soaked in a cloth. I was supposed to apply the concoction to the bruise and if my memory served me correctly, it was also supposed to provide me with a little pain relief, which I did not seem to have. With my list of possible options to deal with the bruise, I was off to the supermarket.